Wisdom Teeth Extractions – Dental Care For Good Health
The final and third set of molars are the wisdom teeth. If they are properly aligned and healthy they can be an asset, if they are impacted or crooked they will most probably have to be extracted. Wisdom Teeth Extractions – Dental Care can advise you on what is best for your situation. Most people know that once their wisdom teeth start to come in that they will most likely need to have them removed. Whether they are impacted or partially emerged, they can cause problems with the other teeth that are already in the mouth, so removal is usually the best option. If you haven’t had yours removed, you may wonder what the procedure is like.
When undergoing the removal of wisdom teeth Utah patients are usually under either a local or general anesthesia. This is determined by a consultation with your dentist to determine which will be better for you. Some of the decision is strictly a preference, while the extent of the impaction is also a factor in this decision. If your teeth are extremely impacted, it may be a more difficult procedure that will take more time, so a general anesthesia may be the best choice. Work with your dentist to make the best decision for you.
When wisdom teeth grow horizontally they can damage adjacent teeth, the jawbone or the nerves and will have to be removed. They can trap plaque and cause decay. If they are entrapped in the soft tissue they can allow bacteria to grow and cause infection, this is known as an impacted tooth which can be very painful. Brushing is difficult and gum disease is likely to develop with these teeth. The teeth are made up of three layers which include enamel, dentin and pulp. Teeth are important for speech and chewing and are the hardest substance in our bodies. Enamel is the outer white part of the tooth. Dentin in the underlayer made up of living cells and pulp is the soft inner structure made up of nerves and blood vessels.
Your dentist will take x-rays of your teeth periodically to see what is going on, if your wisdom teeth need attention he or she will advise you accordingly. Misaligned or horizontal teeth may need to be extracted before they cause problems. Doing this will prevent more complex and painful extractions at a later time. It is easier to remove wisdom teeth in younger people when the bone is less dense and not fully developed. When it is done on older people they take longer to heal.
Wisdom teeth extraction are easily extracted, like any other teeth, if they are fully erupted. If not your dentist will let you know what the plan is in the pre-extraction exam. If they are embedded in the gums and jawbone you will need to have some of bone removed as well. They will probably be removed in sections to minimize the amount of bone that will be lost. You will be given a local and a sedative during the procedure and you should not drive yourself home.
During the first 24 hours of recovery bleeding may occur. By placing a moist gauze over the socket and biting down on it for 45 minutes you could stop the bleeding. Alternatively you could use a moist teabag as the tannic acid will assist in clotting. Do not rinse your mouth or spit for 24 hours and refrain from drinking with a straw. Stay away from hot liquids as they can cause dislodge clotting which may lead to dry socket.
Dry socket is a common complication that occurs when blood clots have been dislodged or have not formed and healing is therefore delayed. This can happen a few days after the extraction and it gives off a foul odor and is painful. Your dentist will treat the socket by placing medication in it. Sometimes the nerves can be damaged or bruised, this is known as paresthesia and is less common. You may feel numbness in the tongue, lips or chin and it can last from a few days to a few weeks or months and sometimes it is permanent.
When I was growing up my dentist mentioned to be about the possibility of getting my wisdom teeth removed. However, he never said it was something I had to do until I was 20. At this point in my life I didn’t question him, as he showed me the panoramic x-ray. About a month later, I was walking outside and I noticed severe pain in my mouth. One of my wisdom teeth was coming in through the gum. It was at that time that I thought maybe my dentist was right. I made an appointment with an oral surgeon.
Wisdom teeth are removed as preventive measures as well as to correct current problems. If the dentist sees that the tooth is already impacted or it might be problematic in the future, he will most likely recommend for it to be extracted. Even wisdom teeth that have grown in properly are subject to issues such as an infection from bacteria trapped between the tooth and jaw where it is very difficult to brush. If infections become frequent, it is generally a good idea to have the tooth removed as it can cause medical danger. If the wisdom tooth interferes with the tongue, it will need to be removed as the pain will numb the tongue. Also, anyone who has been orthodontic ally treated is recommended to have the teeth removed as the addition could disrupt the alignment.
Wisdom teeth should only be removed by experienced dental professionals. A panoramic x-ray is the best technology the industry currently has for viewing wisdom teeth and diagnosing problems. There are several problems which can occur after the removal of wisdom teeth. Some are natural and cannot be avoided, and others the patient has control over. The patient should follow all instructions given by the surgeon diligently. Failure to do so could result in problems ranging from a dry socket to a life-threatening infection.
The wounds will bleed and ooze for up to three days after the surgery. One should refrain from rinsing their mouth as blood clots need to form and rinsing could dislodge the clots. After 24 hours past the surgery, it is good to rinse with lukewarm saltwater. This is to be done every 2 hours until the swelling reduces. The rinse should be applied every 4-6 hours for a week after. Gauze should be placed over the wounds to help stop the bleeding. The bleeding should decrease gradually. If it does not noticeably decline within a day, the surgeon should be contacted. In place of the gauze, a wet tea bag can be used as tannic acid will help to minimize the bleeding. An offensive smell can result from the blood clot along with a foul tasting fluid from the wounds. These will diminish after a week or two.
Dry sockets are caused by a blood clot falling out or failing to form. The surgeon will give advice as to how to avoid these. Painful swelling is to be expected, and is a sign that the body is healing naturally. However, the swelling should begin to reduce after it peaks. If this does not occur, the surgeon needs to be contacted.